Rosa Parks (1913 – 2005)
American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The United States Congress has called her “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement”.
Quote: “Memories of our lives, of our works of our deeds will continue to others.”
- Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. From the beginning, her life consisted of racial discrimination by attending a segregated school.
- On December 1, 1995, Parks was riding the Cleveland Avenue bus home after work. When the bus started to get full, the driver asked the Parks and 3 others to give up their seat. Parks refused to give up her seat, resulting in her arrest.
- Parks arrest began the formation of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. News was spread throughout the city asking members of the African American community to stay off the city buses.
- Parks was found guilty, but the boycott she began lasted 381 days.
- Parks experienced hardships after the Bus Boycott. She later moved to Detroit, Michigan with her husband and mother where she worked as a secretary and receptionist in U.S. Representative John Conyer’s congressional office.
- In 1992, Parks published Rosa Parks: My Story, an autobiography recounting her life in the South.
- On October 24, 2005, at the age of 92, Rosa Parks died in her apartment in Detroit, Michigan.