Alice Paul (1885-1977)
American suffragist and women’s rights activist who was a main leader of the campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Quote: “I never doubted that equal rights was the right direction. Most reforms…are complicated. But to me there is nothing complicated about ordinary equality.”
- Alice Paul was born on January 11, 1885 and was the oldest of four children.
- Paul was well educated, attending Swarthmore College, the New York School of Philanthropy, and the University of Pennsylvania.
- In 1912, Alice Paul joined the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) and led the Washington, DC chapter.
- After leaving the NAWSA, Paul formed the National Women’s Party and organized parades and pickets in support of suffrage.
- On April 7, Paul organized a demonstration and founded the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage to focus specifically on lobbying Congress.
- Paul and the National Women’s Party focused on the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to guarantee women constitutional protection from discrimination.